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Terms & Definitions



Agronomy is the application of a combination of sciences like biology, chemistry, ecology, earth science, and genetics. Agronomists today are involved with many issues including producing food, creating healthier food, managing environmental impacts, and creating energy from plants. Agronomists often specialise in areas such as crop rotation, irrigation and drainage, plant breeding, soil classification, soil fertility, weed control, insect and pest control and other areas.


An expert in soil management and field-crop production.

Animal Nutritionist:

Specialises in the dietary needs of agricultural animals.  Animal nutrition is a science combining chemistry, physics, biochemistry, mathematics, animal behaviour, economics, food processing and animal production techniques.


Horticulture deals with plant propagation and cultivation, crop production, plant breeding and genetic engineering, plant biochemistry, and plant physiology. The work particularly involves fruits, berries, nuts, vegetables, flowers, trees, shrubs, and turf. Horticulturalists work to improve crop yield, quality, nutritional value, and resistance to insects, diseases, and environmental stresses.

Future Farm Industries Cooperative Research Centre (FFI CRC):

For more information, visit the Future Farm Industries CRC page.

Perennial Plant:

Species of plant that lives longer than two years.  Perennial plants are divided into two large groups, those that are woody and those that are herbaceous.


These can include insects, mites, weeds and plant diseases.

Plant Tissue testing:

Tissue testing is a technique for identifying and monitoring the levels of trace elements in most crops.

SAP Nitrate testing:

Using SAP Nitrate meters, the tests will predict the amounts of nitrogen topdressing that may be needed and the results can be used to assist decision-making at critical stages of the season.

Soil testing:

Soil tests are used for analysing organic carbon, available phosphorus and potassium, pH levels, electrical conductivity (a measure of salinity) and field texture.


The management of all aspects of a vineyard, including monitoring and controlling pests and diseases, fertilizing, irrigation, canopy management, monitoring fruit development and characteristics, deciding when to harvest and vine pruning during the winter months.


Unwanted plant that is considered a nuisance, unsightly, or they limit the growth of other plants by blocking light or using up nutrients from the soil.

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